What is Endocrinology

  1. What is Endocrinology?
    Endocrinology is a branch of medicine that concerns the study of hormones and its disorders. The endocrine system consists of several glands located in different parts of the body that secrete hormones.
  2. Who are Endocrinologists?
    Endocrinologists are doctors who specialize in study of hormonal diseases like diabetes, thyroid disorders, obesity, growth disorders, etc.
  3. What are the endocrine glands in our body?
    The principal endocrine glands in our body are Pituitary, Thyroid, Pancreas, Adrenal, Parathyroid, and Gonads – ovary and testis. Besides hormones are secreted by various other organs like brain (hypothalamus), heart, kidney, gut, placenta, breasts, etc. The pituitary is considered as a master gland and governs the function of other endocrine glands in the body.
  4. What is hormone?
    These are products of various endocrine glands, which are released in to the bloodstream, which then acts on various cells and tissues of body.
  5. What are Endocrine disorders?
    The endocrine disorders are a varied group of diseases resulting from deficiency or excess of various hormones.
  6. What all disorders come under Endocrine disorders?
    2. Thyroid disorders
    3. Obesity
    4. Sexual disorders, erectile dysfunction, hypogonadism & reproductive endocrinology
    5. Male infertility
    6. Hirsutism (Excessive facial or body hair in females)
    7. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and other female endocrine disorders
    8. Disorders of growth – Short Stature, Growth hormone deficiency & Growth hormone excess
    9. Delayed & premature puberty (delayed or early development of various secondary sexual characters in boys or girls)
    10. Osteoporosis (low bone density)
    11. Metabolic bone diseases – Vitamin D deficiency, Rickets, Osteomalacia, Hyperparathyroidism
    12. Pituitary disorders – pituitary tumors, raised pituitary hormone levels (e.g. Prolactin, GH, etc.), deficiency of pituitary hormones, diabetes insipidus
    13. Adrenal disorders – Adrenal tumors, Cushing’s syndrome, Pheochromocytoma, adrenal failure
    14. Disorder of Sexual Development – Small penis, hidden testis, genital ambiguity, gynecomastia (development of breast tissue in males), Turner’s syndrome, Klinefelter’s syndrome