- What is Endocrinology?
Endocrinology is a branch of medicine that concerns the study of hormones and its disorders. The endocrine system consists of several glands located in different parts of the body that secrete hormones.
- Who are Endocrinologists?
Endocrinologists are doctors who specialize in study of hormonal diseases like diabetes, thyroid disorders, obesity, growth disorders, etc.
- What are the endocrine glands in our body?
The principal endocrine glands in our body are Pituitary, Thyroid, Pancreas, Adrenal, Parathyroid, and Gonads – ovary and testis. Besides hormones are secreted by various other organs like brain (hypothalamus), heart, kidney, gut, placenta, breasts, etc. The pituitary is considered as a master gland and governs the function of other endocrine glands in the body.
- What is hormone?
These are products of various endocrine glands, which are released in to the bloodstream, which then acts on various cells and tissues of body.
- What are Endocrine disorders?
The endocrine disorders are a varied group of diseases resulting from deficiency or excess of various hormones.
- What all disorders come under Endocrine disorders?
2. Thyroid disorders
4. Sexual disorders, erectile dysfunction, hypogonadism & reproductive endocrinology
5. Male infertility
6. Hirsutism (Excessive facial or body hair in females)
7. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and other female endocrine disorders
8. Disorders of growth – Short Stature, Growth hormone deficiency & Growth hormone excess
9. Delayed & premature puberty (delayed or early development of various secondary sexual characters in boys or girls)
10. Osteoporosis (low bone density)
11. Metabolic bone diseases – Vitamin D deficiency, Rickets, Osteomalacia, Hyperparathyroidism
12. Pituitary disorders – pituitary tumors, raised pituitary hormone levels (e.g. Prolactin, GH, etc.), deficiency of pituitary hormones, diabetes insipidus
13. Adrenal disorders – Adrenal tumors, Cushing’s syndrome, Pheochromocytoma, adrenal failure
14. Disorder of Sexual Development – Small penis, hidden testis, genital ambiguity, gynecomastia (development of breast tissue in males), Turner’s syndrome, Klinefelter’s syndrome